Arts

Published: Tuesday July 1, 2014 MYT 11:15:00 AM
Updated: Tuesday July 1, 2014 MYT 9:31:20 AM

Tracing master painter El Greco's influence on modern art

Madrid’s top art museum, Museo Nacional del Prado, unveiled a major show exploring visionary painter El Greco’s influence on modern greats such as Francis Bacon and Jackson Pollock.

El Greco and Modern Painting, which opened on June 24, is part of a year-long series of big exhibitions to mark the 400th anniversary of the Greek-born master’s death.

Believed to be a self portrait, Portrait of a Man (painted circa 1595-1600) is a painting by El Greco (1541-1614), who was a Greek-born painter who moved to the city of Toledo, Spain, where he pursued a painting career. He was overlooked by audiences during his time who couldn't fully appreciate his unique style of painting that mixed Renaissance-style realism with Greek Orthodox iconic art. It wasn't until the modern era, beginning from the 18th century onwards, that his art began to be appreciated by artists such as Paul Cezanne and Pablo Picasso. 

During his lifetime, El Greco had a hard time finding an audience and his works languished in obscurity until the late 19th century. But once collectors noticed them, he became one of the most important figures in the history of art, influencing Picasso at the start of the Cubist movement. The Prado exhibition shows just how far he marked modern art, juxtaposing his works with those of artists he influenced.

”The influence of El Greco is very wide. He influenced hundreds of modern artists,” said the show’s curator, Javier Baron. He cited artists who shaped modern painting, such as Paul Cezanne, Picasso, British painters such as Bacon and US ones such as Pollock.

Cezanne’s Lady in a Fur Wrap, After El Greco, a portrait of a stern-faced woman, hangs in the show alongside El Greco’s 16th-century work, to which it is a tribute.

Influence: El Greco's Lady in a Fur Wrap (top, left), painted circa 1577-79 and believed to be a portrait of his mistress Jeronima de las Cuevas, hangs next to Paul Cezanne's tribute Lady in a Fur Wrap, After El Greco (top, right), painted in 1886-86, in Prado Museum's new exhibition El Greco and Modern Painting, which traces the influence that the 16th century maestro has had on modern artists. Below, El Greco's The Resurrection of Christ (circa 1600) hangs next to Jackson Pollock's Untitled (1937-39).

Born Domenikos Theotokopoulos in Crete in 1541, El Greco moved to Spain, settling eventually in the city of Toledo at the age of 36 after being rejected by the court of King Philip II. He was forced to accept all kinds of commissions to pay off his debts, producing numerous portraits and religious images in his workshop in Toledo.

The Prado show reveals his startling influence on works such as Picasso’s Demoiselles d’Avignon — though that painting does not form part of the show. In that 1907 painting, the nude prostitutes depicted in Cubist style by Picasso were inspired by the heavenly figures painted by El Greco in his altarpiece The Vision of Saint John.

”That painting fascinated Picasso and influenced him decisively when he was launching the key avant-garde movement known as Cubism,” said Baron. The show groups 26 works by El Greco plus 57 paintings and 23 sketches and etchings by 19th and 20th century artists. El Greco and Modern Painting runs at the Prado Museumd until October 5. — AFP/RelaxNews

Tags / Keywords: Lifestyle, Arts, Frame Up, Arts, Frame Up, Visual Art, art, artist, El Greco, Madrid, Spain, Museo Nacional del Prado, Prado Museum, El Greco and Modern Painting, influence, legacy, modern art, Renaissance, Pablo Picasso, Paul Cezanne, Jackson Pollock

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